Jaipur with its exotic charms is a majestic city teeming with culture and vibrancy. It is a city alone having more history than the rest of the cities in the country. It’s royalty and architectural excellence lies in all the prominent monuments which were painted pink to welcome Prince of Wales while his visit to Jaipur in 1853. National, as well as international tourists, visit Jaipur to witness this key attraction to the royal heritage of the bygone era. Enlisted are the best places to visit in Jaipur you should not miss.
1. Hawa Mahal
Pride of Jaipur
Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh of Jaipur built Hawa Mahal in 1799. A famous architect Lal Chand Usta designed this unique structure. Hawa Mahal is one of the best places to visit in jaipur. From the time of creation in 1799 to this very day, it is bearing the glory of royal families and the testimony of their power and beauty.
2. City Palace
Opulent and Regal
City Palace is a tingling fusion of traditional Rajasthani and Mughal architecture built by Maharaja Jai Singh II. He moved from Amber to the Jaipur city due to overpopulation and water scarcity issues. It is spread in one-seventh of the old city of Jaipur. The construction of the magnificent City Palace Jaipur also involves a Bengali architect Vidyadhar Bhattacharya who designed it according to Vastushastra. To add more charm to the palace new additions were made by his successors. It was once the seat of kings as it was from here that they ruled the region. It houses a series of courtyards, buildings, palaces, gardens etc.
3. Amber Fort and palace
Amber Fort and Palace
Amer Fort or Amber fort and Palace reflects the finest specimens of Hindu and Muslim style of architecture. Amer Fort is one of best places to visit in jaipur. Prior to shifting of the capital to Jaipur, the Amber Fort was the fortress of the then ruling tribe of the Kachhawa clan in Amber. The original fort was a part of the Jaigarh Fort and linked to it via fortified passages, though these both are regarded as a single structure. These passages were used to escape at times of war or enemy attack. The construction of the complex palace that we see today was built by Raja Man Singh in the 16th century, while renovations were carried out by Sawai Jai Singh in the 18th century.
4. Albert Hall Museum
Albert Hall Museum
One of the most seasoned historical centers in Rajasthan, the Albert Hall Museum was built in 1876 to welcome the Prince Of Wales to Jaipur by Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II. The museum gets its name from the Victoria and Albert Museum of London, because of the similar style of architecture. It is also known as the Government Central Museum. Originally intended to be a town hall, it was later deemed a museum for showcasing the best of Jaipuri art forms and the bravery of its warriors.
5. Jantar Mantar
Jantar Mantar Observatory
Built by Maharaja Jai Singh II, Jantar Mantar is an astronomical observatory. He was not only the founder of “Pink City Jaipur” but was an astronomical scientist also. It took 6 years to complete the construction of this unique historic monument. This observatory was built between 1727 and 1733. The name is derived from Sanskrit words Yantra Mantra which means instruments and formulae in English. The king had built the Jantar Mantar Jaipur to understand the exact mechanics of the Cosmos. The instruments were built after keeping in mind the positions of the sun, planets, longitudes, latitudes and the equator. It was damaged in the 19th century and was restoration was undertaken in the year 1901 by an amateur astronomer Major Arthur Garrett. However, in 1948 it was announced a national monument.
6. Fort Jaigarh
Forts – Jaigarh & Nahargarh
Jaigarh fort was built to strengthen the security of Amer, its construction commenced in the fifteenth century and continued till the eighteenth century. Designed by a talented architect called Vidhyadhar, the fort is named after Jai Singh who built it in 1726. Jaigarh fort was at the center of artillery production during the erstwhile era and hence has a massive cannon by the name of Jaivan. These underground water tanks that ensured ample supply of water during wars. It is believed that there is a huge treasure that was buried under the fort that is now seized by the government of Rajasthan when it was discovered in the 1970s.
7. Jal Mahal
Built in the 18th century by Maharaja Madho Singh I, this pleasure palace was first built as a rest house for the king and his people when they returned from the royal duck shooting parties. It is the hot bird watching spot being the home of various local as well as migratory birds. Madho Singh II greatly enhanced much of the exterior of the Jal Mahal Palace and the interior of the palace adding the courtyard grounds.
King Jai Singh II began construction of the Nahargarh Fort in the year 1734. The fort was expanded in the subsequent year and played a significant role in battles that would take place in the region. Though the fort was intended to provide safety to the Mughal, in later years it would serve as a hiding place for Europeans, as Indians rose up against the colonial Raj. It was named after a Mughal Prince whose spirit is said to haunt it.
It is said that when the construction of the fort started, the workers were bewildered to find all their previous day work destroyed every morning. A bit of finding revealed that the hill was haunted by the soul of a prince named Nahar and that he did not take nicely the intrusion of others in his abode. Raja Jai Singh, to placate the irate prince built a small fort to provide his soul a resting place. A shrine was also built and dedicated to the prince. Last but not least, the fort was named after this prince.
9. Birla Temple
Also referred to as Laxmi-Narayan Temple, Birla Mandir Jaipur is a modern one built completely by white marbles to enhance the beauty of Jaipur. It was commissioned and built by the Indian industrialist family, B.M Birla Foundation in 1988. The King of Jaipur donated this land to Birla Family at the cost of mere one rupee for building this temple.
10. Sisodia Rani Garden
This is one beautiful lush green garden originally built for the wife of Sawai, Jai Singh. His wife’s name was Sisodia, from Udaipur. The garden has a Mughal touch. Sisodia Rani garden was said to be created to melt the homesickness of the queen, but others think that it was done for the queen to be able to escape the court intrigues that was against her.
It is the place where cenotaphs were erected in memory of the rulers of Jaipur. The designing of Gaitore ki Chhatriyan was done by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. In 1733, after Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II shifted his capital to Jaipur, all the cremations of the Kachhwaha King were done here, except for Maharaja Sawai Ishwari Singh.
With its blush pink splendor and glorious beauty, Jaipur will surely leave you speechless, mesmerising you from within. These best places to visit in Jaipur must have given you more reasons to explore this city.