Jaipur the pink city has immense beauty to scrutinise in its formidable forts, exquisite shrines, magnificent palaces and beautiful gardens. Jaipur apart from offering myriad historical monuments, palaces and forts patronize several arts too. One such art is reflected through Jaipur fabric. Jaipur fabric attracts plenty of visitors every year on its active streets selling several handcrafted fabrics with a blend of modernity and traditional style. Want to know more about the Jaipur fabrics?
About Jaipur Fabric
Rajasthan has its own fabric having mastered fabric dyeing as well as designing them with different prints and techniques. Knitted in the fabric of the city is its inheritance of affluent textile art like hand-block printing, natural dyeing and intricate embroidery, which have endured through the many decades. These fabrics of Rajasthan are famed all over the world for their unique artwork, vibrant hues and tones of colour. The fabric of Jaipur is one of the main elements in carving its identity throughout the world. Each fabric has its own distinct style with diverse motifs, choice of colours, and the way they are crafted.
Types of fabrics and their artwork
Jaipur fabrics are created using mainly silk and cotton materials with several arts in order to beautify them. The fabric exemplifies an amalgamation of generations of experimentation with fabric, handicraft skills, and a keen eye for detail. The kind of fabric Jaipur curates, with incredible precision, is impossible to get anywhere else in the world.
Bandhani or Bandhej work dates back to 4000 BC but still, it is one of the in-demand and most popular fabrics all over the world. Even many lead designers are using bandhej in their collections. The process of making this fabric involves the plucking and tying of fabrics with a thread before its dyeing. The plucking of the cloth is done using fingernails. As it is a tie-dye process, only natural colours are used and a large variety of patterns can be created. The use of bright shades like yellow, red, blue, green and black can be seen.
The use of vibrant colours, beautiful patterns and adorning them with embroidery, mirror-work, and appliqué brings out captivating fabrics. Bandhani fabric is used commonly to prepare turbans, dupattas, and sarees further complementing them with embroidery, mirror-work, and appliqué. Not just this, Bandhani is also worn for symbolic purposes, red signifies a new bride and yellow signifies maternity.
Exclusive to Rajasthan, Leheriya is a tie-dye technique that brings out a gleaming fabric with distinguishing patterns. Lehariya is made by using natural dye on a lighter colour fabric, generally in cotton, silk, chiffon or georgette. The fabric is dyed after tieing and folding in a particular way. When the knots are opened post-dyeing, there is a striped wave-like pattern created on the cloth with colour on every alternate stripe. This is why it is named after flowing waves of water.
Usage of Indigo is prominent for colouring Leheriya, giving a fascinating look to the fabric. The popularity of Leheriya can be seen in fashion shows and is the most popular fabric exported worldwide. The sign of the authenticity of leheriya fabric is that they are available with the knots (used for dyeing) still in place. Women in Rajasthan wear lehariya at the end of the rainy season or Sawan month to celebrate the Saawan with high spirits.
Famed across the world for their lightweight, softness, warmth and artistic attention to detail, Jaipuri quilts need no introduction. The process of making Jaipuri quilts involves time, patience and skill and the art of quilting. Quilting is a procedure that involves stitching together scraps of fabric that fit into a larger design is a unique offering of the Jaipur. They traditionally use 100 % pure, finely combed cotton with a high thread count and double stitching. Not only do they insulate well, but they’re also feather-soft. Their warmth is enough to keep you cosy on the coldest winters. They are further adorned with frills and embroidery.
This is one of Jaipur’s oldest and most exquisite types of printing having its origin from Sanganer, a village near Jaipur. Sanganer is a major center for very fine block-cutting and printing. Almost 500 years old, Sanganeri printing is famed for its sheer variety of folk patterns on white cotton. The motifs are made with thin black outlines and the use of red dye to colour figures and flowers. Sanganeri clothes can be distinguished by bright colours and floral patterns. This art of Sanganer has gained a name in Indian tradition and culture.
Named after the village of Bagru, where they are popularly produced, Bagru is renowned for its age-old art of block printing. In this village, there can be seen a row of small businesses set in houses, offering fabrics that are block printed by hand using a carved wooden block. The bagru print is created using natural dye made with the help of flowers, vegetables and other food ingredients. This hand block printing method is practised exclusively by the Chippa community. Very much similar to Sanganeri block printing, Bagru’s textile printers chose to focus on using earth colours, floral designs and geometrical patterns. The Bagru print technique has put the village on a global map.
Dabu printing is also an extraordinary form found alongside Bagru prints. This is another dyeing technique, involving applying thick mud paste on the fabric to dye it. In this, a design is embodied onto the background cloth. This design is coated with clay on which saw dust is spread. The sawdust sticks to the cloth. As the clay dries, the entire cloth is dyed with the help of different colours. Post dying, the area with clay and sawdust mixture remains colourless and does not catch the dye. Furthermore, the fabric is washed after dyeing and drying. This is done to remove the clay and the mixture. To beautify and cover the designed area, the fabric is dyed again in a lighter shade for additional colour.
Block printing, tie and dye have become full-fledged artwork in these regions of Jaipur. The craftsmen of Jaipur have developed enviable expertise in different patterns such as block printing and tie-and-dye, which they embellish further with various arts like embroidery and mirrors, thereby turning ordinary cloth into exquisite pieces that are loved all over the world.
What makes Jaipur fabrics unique and famous?
The primary reason why the Jaipur fabrics is considered best is due to its exceptional making process. This fabric is made exclusively by the artists in Jaipur and nearby cities in Rajasthan. The distinctive and innovative making method of the fabric as well as its several styles are 100% unique, and cannot be developed or made elsewhere in India.
This fabric has been used in Rajasthan for ages. The Jaipuri print is a remembrance of their tradition. It was used by kings, queens and elites of advanced societies around the world. Jaipur is the capital of Rajasthan. The fabric of Rajasthan is named after that. It holds traditional value.
The fabrics of Jaipur have been renowned for their exquisite prints and colouring for at least two hundred and fifty years. The tradition of hand block printing continues to practice without the aid of mechanization. This gives block printing the aura of a pure craft form and makes block printed textiles so highly regarded throughout the world.
Jaipuri fabric has diversity and is available in an assortment of varieties. There are different types of prints, designs and materials offering a huge spectrum of products. Bags, sarees, dress material, bed sheets, quilts, cushion covers and many more items are available in this fabric.
The fabric of Jaipur is in constant demand all across the world and their products are have a massive export to other countries. Jaipur is a known leading exporter and manufacturer of various textile varieties.
Jaipur fabrics available in different forms
The craftsman of Pink City is quite an expertise. They can create art with the fabrics and instill fineness like none other. With such exquisiteness, they bring forward ranges of different products.
The Jaipuri bedsheets are always in high demand due to their exotic and unique look and the other reason being this material of Jaipur fabric can last a lifetime. The print differs from simple solid colour to the gorgeous block print. The most commonly preferred bedsheets are of cotton but the silk ones are the most expensive. The craftsmen do the printing part manually. The colourful and lively design and high-quality Jaipur fabric catch everyone’s attention even at a glance.
Jaipur fabric and its exclusive prints and designs are great for home linens and furnishing. Some of the textiles are handmade with the famous embroidery base and block print that’s why they blend well and look good with other home decorations. You get many home decor stuff including bed covers, table cloths, cushion covers, curtains etc. These fabrics when decorated in the home gives your home a traditional style that transforms the vibe with ethnicity.
The Jaipur fabric is available in different colours and designs making it perfect for clothing. You get sarees, dupattas, salwar-kameez, skirts, dresses, tops, palazzo, scarves, kurta and what not. You will find bandhej and leheriya fabric formed into different styles like sarees, Kurtis, lehengas etc. People usually wear Bandhej or leheriya sarees during pujas and festivals. Not only do women carry bandhej or leheriya fabric, but men also wear a turban of these fabrics.
The beautiful and colourful prints and designs of Jaipur fabric as well as its superiority and flamboyance compels you to buy them in a blink. So, gift yourself or your loved ones one of these traditional, exclusive items, handcrafted with meticulous care and skill! By now, you might be wishing to buy some of the stuff. Worry not, you don’t have to go all the way to Jaipur to search for them. You can get your hands on these handmade and extraordinary pieces online as well.